Call for Articles: MSI-38

Dear members!

We hope that you are doing fine. With this email we would like to open the call for Article submissions to the Medical Students International Edition 38 (MSI 38). Please find the information below:

  1. Background: MSI is our biannual magazine, which focuses on global health perspective brought by medical students worldwide. It is published both in print and online, in relations to March and August General Assemblies, and each edition has a specific theme. Previous issues are available here.

  2. Content: the call will be open for all sections of the magazine, namely:

    1. August Meeting 2018 Theme: “Social accountability and health beyond the hospital” (max. 1500 words)

    2. Six Standing Committee sections (max 750 words)

      1. Standing Committee on Medical Education (SCOME)

      2. Standing Committee on Professional Exchange (SCOPE)

      3. Standing Committee on Public Health (SCOPH)

      4. Standing Committee on Sexual & Reproductive Health incl. HIV/AIDS (SCORA)

      5. Standing Committee on Research Exchange (SCORE)

      6. Standing Committee on human Rights & Peace (SCORP)

  3. Checklist: When submitting an article, please make sure to review the following checklist:

    1. Format: Your article in Word or Google docs format. Please do not send in articles in PDF format

    2. Image Quality: Images should be of high resolution (at least 300 dpi), in JPEG or PNG formats. Please do not insert images into the article files, but attach them separately to your email

    3. Data: Author’s full name and NMO.

    4. Photo: Author’s head shot in high resolution (at least 300 dpi) and in JPEG or PNG formats

    5. References (if applicable)

  4. Deadline: 24 May 2018, 23.59 GMT

  5. To Remember:

    1. Destination: send to Publications.ifmsapakistan@gmail.com

    2. Subject Line: Add [MSI38] and [section name] depending on the section you would like it to be published under, followed by your full article name. You do not need to write anything else other than those things. Full list of section names:

      1. [Theme]

      2. [SCOME]

      3. [SCOPE]

      4. [SCOPH]

      5. [SCORA]

      6. [SCORE]

      7. [SCORP]

  6. Submissions Agreement:

    1. Submission does not guarantee that the articles and attached material will be accepted or published;

    2. Your submission will be screened to ensure that it meets minimum inclusion criteria. If it does, it may be reviewed by editors revising content to enhance its relevance, consistency, usability or to conform with IFMSA Publications standards;

    3. If your submission has more than one author, names of all co-authors will be featured in the magazine. However, only the headshots of the first two authors will be featured in the magazine due to space and layout limitations. Please take that into consideration and list authors in the order you’d like them to be featured in;

    4. IFMSA will not be held liable for any breach of copyright laws and the sender will be held responsible. When you submit any text or pictures, we will assume that you are the author and sole owner of the submitted material. We will also assume that you are giving MSI and IFMSA permission to use them for the purpose of publication and representation toward external partners.

 

That is all the information that we would like to convey through this email. We are looking forward to receiving your contributions, and please do not hesitate to contact us if you have any question.

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Malaria an old foe: Wrecking havoc across each continent!

According to the latest WHO estimates, there were 214 million cases of malaria in 2015 and 438,000 deaths. About 3.2 billion people are at risk of malaria, with children and pregnant women particularly vulnerable. This life threatening disease makes one experience high grade fever with chills and rigors, flu – like illness and deterioration of health taking the lives of even the people in the limelight like Lord Byron, Oliver Cromwell and David Livingston.

Rampant in the humid and tropical terrain, the infected female Anopheles mosquito, also known as malaria vectors, infect people by injecting the  Plasmodium parasite that enters the bloodstream of the human host and lodges in the liver where it multiplies almost 10,000 times. After two weeks, it infects the red blood cells where the parasite replicates and invades other red blood cells till they are taken up by the mosquito of same kind to complete the sexual phase. Thus the infectivity continues after the next blood meal.

With almost 1.5 million reported cases every year, malaria has re-emerged as a major cause of morbidity in Pakistan. Pakistan has been categorized in the Group 3 countries of the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region accounting for 95% of the total regional malaria burden. Unfortunately, rural areas with poor sanitation facilities and flood-affected areas are at greatest risk.

The establishment of an effective malarial control program is necessary as its prevalence is hindering socioeconomic development in our region. Strategies based on the global and regional malaria control and elimination initiative have been put into place by the local health authorities of Pakistan and the WHO.

Roll Back Malaria (RBM) initiative has been started by WHO, UNICEF, UNDP and the World Bank aiming to reduce the malaria burden by 75% in high and moderate endemic regions. Multiple prevention measures including promotion of use of insecticide treated bed nets and targeted use of residual insecticide spraying were part of its key elements.

Increased prevention and control measures have led to a 60% reduction in mortality rates globally since year 2000. However WHO aims to bring down the cases to 90% by year 2030.

Indeed the road to elimination is tough, and demands well calibrated responsive policies. But with the use of interventional approaches like mobile malaria clinics; effective surveillance; community participation and health education; mobilized popular support for the 2016 campaigns in Sri Lanka and it became the second country in the WHO South- East Asia Region to eliminate malaria after Maldives and Morocco was declared free of malaria in 2015 amongst Eastern Mediterranean Region while the rest of included countries reported minimum/imported cases with no local transmission.

 

Authors: Afnan Talat, Nayab Munir, Aleena Khan

Reviewed and edited by: Khizra Imran

Menstrual Health and Hygiene Project: MMDC & QAMC-LC

Menstruation is a regular monthly discharge of the blood and the mucosal tissue from the inner lining of uterus through vagina. When periods (menstruation) come regularly, this is called the menstrual cycle. Having regular menstrual cycles is a sign that important parts of your body are working normally. The menstrual cycle provides important body chemicals, called hormones, to keep you healthy. It also prepares your body for pregnancy each month. A cycle is counted from the first day of 1 period to the first day of the next period. The average menstrual cycle is 28 days long. Cycles can range anywhere from 21 to 35 days in adults and from 21 to 45 days in young teens.

  • 52% of the female population, 26% of the total population is of reproductive age.
  • 5-15% of women have abnormal menstrual cycle globally
  • 3 out of 10 girls are unaware of the menstrual hygiene
  • 90% of the girls miss out their school on average every month
  • 23% girls aged 11-18 drop out due to lack of sanitary supplies, fear of staining.
  • 79% of Pakistani women don’t manage the periods hygienically

Menarche is considered as one of the most important changes occurring in girls during adolescent years. In most societies, menarche is an indication of developing sexuality in a girl.  However, a  substantial  body  of  literature  suggests that menarche  and  menstruation  are  mainly  negatively perceived and experienced by  girls. Amongst many reasons for this negative perception, one is that menarche conveys conflicting societal messages. While  on  one  hand it  represents  the beginning of womanhood and sexuality, on the other hand, girls of this age are seen as too young to be sexually active  Other negative perceptions are related to being vulnerable and susceptible to  different  illnesses, and  to feelings  of  disgust  and  shame. Burrow study showed that girls expressed   largely   negative   views,   viewing   menstruation   as   embarrassing,   shameful and something to be hidden.

In many parts of the world, menstruation is also stigmatized.  This is  common  in low socioeconomic squatter  settlements  of  Karachi,  Pakistan  where  this  study  was conducted. This stigma is based on traditional beliefs that menstruating women are impure and on society’s unwillingness to discuss it as a normal event. Therefore, when adolescents are not able to share their experience menstruation becomes something shameful for them. These views, in turn, have implications for how girls manage menstruation.

Menstrual health and hygiene is critical to be taught to ensure healthy lives. This project of “Menstrual health and hygiene” was conducted in the school of Multan (Allied school). Girls of age 13-15 were included in this project to be given the awareness regarding the health, diet, sanitation, disorders related to menstruation. They were showed the ways as to how one can manage the pain, take care of the hygiene and not miss out their schools when experience menstruation. The staff also attended the session and asked us about the management of the pain. To this we explained the various methods the school can provide to the girls who are in their menstruating phase. The activity of “breaking the silence” was conducted in which we encouraged the girls to talk about the menstruation and we broke the taboo by conducting the “ Breaking the Myths” which involved various myths that were broken regarding diet, exercise, sleep, drinking etc.

The session was ended by providing the menstrual kit to the girls and having a question answer session with them to have a more clear view of the hygienic status. The kits included sanitary pads, soap and the guideline for maintaining cleanliness and preventing infection during menstruation.

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The questionnaires were handed over to the girls. 54% of the girls said that menstrual bleeding doesn’t affect their social or athletic life. 96% girls perceive menstruation as a positive sign. Pain scale of the menstruation, 33% suffers from moderate pain and 36% from severe pain while 18% from no pain. When asked whether they would take greater care of menstrual hygiene after the session, 98% responded with a yes. 70% of the girls thought that this session improved their knowledge on menstrual health and hygiene while 30% thought they’ve learnt a few new things.

A post evaluation video was made where girls expressed how much knowledge they gained plus the misconceptions cleared from the seminar.

Link To The Post Evaluation Video:

https://www.facebook.com/qamc.ifmsapakistan/videos/366802477155803

References:

Activity Reported by: Fatima Anwar

European Sting invites Submissions!

European Sting.jpg

Dear NMOs and Medical Students worldwide,

The European Sting is a political newspaper that aims to bring unbiased and trustworthy information to their readers not only about European Affairs, but about almost any political, economical and social topic. Furthermore, the Sting welcomes its readers to take part in this constructive and critical dialogue! As per the IFMSA’s partnership with the Sting, any medical student worldwide is able to voice their ideas, concerns, opinions and dreams in a global online magazine. During this call, we will be accepting articles on the following topic:

Medical Students Take on Europe and its Possible Dismantling

If you are interested in the topic above and you would like to share your ideas with us and the world, please send a full article to publications.ifmsapakistan@gmail.com no later than by the 24th of February 23:59 GMT.

The incoming articles need to adhere to the following specifications:

a)    Clearly defined brief title
b)    Up to 500 words article body text
c)    Profile picture of the writer
d)    100 words brief resume of the writer
e)    email address of the writer
Please send us your article as an attachment to your letter, and not as the actual letter. Also bear in mind that articles must be in a format that allows for them to be edited using a word processor. Hand-written and/or scanned articles will not be accepted.

Excited about the Sub-Regional Training?: Just a little BTS update

Of all the things, IFMSA Pakistan is planning to bring to you this year, Sub-Regional Training is going to be the big hit of the year. Bringing an international training session to Pakistan takes a-lot of hard-work on our part and one of the latest demonstration of this untiring efforts was yesterday’s first live meeting of the Cabinet of IFMSA Pakistan, Brainstorming with our proactive TSDD Aqsa Shafique to bring the best for you.

If you have some input regarding SRTs, you are more than welcome otherwise your support means alot to us!

WhatsApp Image 2018-02-17 at 8.57.21 PM

P.S. Taking this photo was very risky!

“VANI” (Voice) Magazine from Medical Students Association of INDIA Calls for Articles Internationally this year!

Greetings from Medical Students Association of India!

MSAI-India, the nation’s first and largest medical students organisation caters to a country of 1.2 billion people. Every year, we publish our official magazine, MSAI Vani. “Vani”, a Sanskrit term, literally translates to “voice”; and to justify its name, the magazine has helped medical students from across the nation voice their opinions and thoughts to the community.

This year, we encourage our peers from across the globe to come and participate in this noble initiative. Submissions can be in the form of articles, photographs or artwork. The links for submissions are given below. Submissions must be in accordance with any of our themes, as follows:

  1. Medicine Around the World (Special International Segment)
  2. ​Caution! Minds At Work
  3. A Change of Palate
  4. Tales of Crumbling Concrete

About the Special International Theme
As curious minds, we’d like to know how medicine is–in the past, present, and future–in your country! Do tell us about what it expresses, what it is unique for, what it lacks, and what it is proud of! As the world comes closer to become a global village, join us in this initiative to bring the best of healthcare for one and all!

To know more about the themes, read: https://goo.gl/AJKQhn

Submissions should be sent to publications.ifmsapakistan@gmail.com by 18th February 2018

Links:

Contact Us:

Menstrual Health and Hygiene Project: QAMC LC

  • image152% of female population, 26% of total population is of reproductive age , whereas talking about menstruation is considered a subject of shame and taboo.
  • 5-15% of women of reproductive age globally, have abnormal menstrual cycle globally.
  • 3 out of 10 girls are unaware of menstrual hygiene
  • 90% of girls miss 1-5 days of school on average every month due to their period.
  • 23% girls aged 11-18 drop out due to lack of sanitary supplies, fear of staining,

Menstruation, a natural process in women’s life needs special care from physical and psychological point of view. Negligence in menstrual hygiene can result in biological disorders for example different sorts of infections but unfortunately awareness concerning this area of life is not highlighted due to socio-cultural trends of our society. In present age menstrual hygiene needs more attention because of rapidly increasing active participation of females in different walks of life. One of the main reasons behind the issue is that menstruation is considered in many societies including Pakistan a hidden and secret issue. It is not openly discussed between mother and daughter. In many cultures menstruation is being perceived as unclean and embarrassing and also believed that it must remain hidden in communication. There is lack of adequate knowledge and proper facilities for menstrual waste management. Girls belonging to low income class and less educated families, don’t know how to dispose off sanitary material properly especially in time of immediate need. The focus on menstrual hygiene management is an essential part of promoting hygiene and sanitation amongst adolescent girls and
women who constitute approximately 45 per cent of the total female population. Menstrual hygiene promotion will be an indirect support to gender equality, national development, high literacy rate and MDGs accomplishment.

Menstrual Health and Hygiene Management is critical to be taught to achieve the Sustainable Developmental Goals 3, 4 , 5 , 6 , 8 and 12 to ensure healthy lives, inclusive quality education, gender quality, sustained availability of sanitation, economic growth and sustained consumption and production respectively. “Menstrual Health and Hygiene” project was conducted in two Governement Girls institutes of Bahawalpur. Girls of age 14-16 were given information on proper management of menstruation, various disorder, health and dietary reccomendations related to menstruation. They were guided on simple ways to ease the pain so they can actively participate in daily life activities. The topics of dangers of unsanitary habits and complete hygiene guideline were covered during the sessions. They were taught how to precisely measure the expected date of your next period to prevent accidents and emergencies. An activity ‘ Let’s Break the Myths” was conducted in which we asked the teenage girls to tell us about the myths about mentruation they have believed to be true. These myths were broken down as per no scientific evidence.

image3 (1)
At the end of the session the girls were distributed a “hygiene kit”. The kit had mestrual flow absorbents, sanitary soaps and a hygiene manual. The manual had complete healthcare and sanitary guideline required to maintain cleanliness and prevent infections during menstruation.

image2
To evaluate the impact of our project, quesstionnaires were filled out byt the girls which indicated that more than 87% of the audience benefited from the knowledge provided. Several misconceptions and taboos surrounding the topic were cleared. The girls who attended the seminar were advised to spread the useful knowledge to their female friends and relatives so the impact of our project would be increased. The project also included a a promotional video to spread the awareness to medical students about the importance of discussing menstrual health and hygiene through Ifmsa – Pakistan pages. Medical Students from different colleges participated in the video and expressed their views on why talking about mentruation is critical for female health.

Link to video : Menstrual health and hygiene: QAMC-LC

Activity Reported by: Ayesha Siddiqua 

Activity Coordinators : Ayesha Siddiqua, Haniya Waseem, Tabeer Warraich .

References:

Mother Care and Pregnancy Diet Plan: QAMC-LC

Pakistan is a developing country, there are a lot of issues going all around this country that require attention. One of those issues is “Mother-Care and Pregnancy Diet plan”. Most of the population of this country is illiterate and that goes for females especially those of child bearing age. In some areas educating women is still considered immoral which leads to the fact that they know nothing about the proper diet they should take during pregnancy for the healthy growth of their baby.

Riaz Baig (LORE QAMC-LC) conducted an awareness seminar in Nagar, Gilgit on “Mother Care and Pregnancy Diet Plan”. Lady health workers and local female students of child bearing age attended the seminar. Special lectures were given by Dr. Azmat Riaz (Gynaecologist) and Dr. Sakina (Gynaecologist) to the participants.

image5image3

The activity was undertaken on the fact that women there have zero knowledge about the pregnancy diet plan. If some new born there had some birth defect they considered it a “Curse” from God because of their deeds.

The local population there believes more in Lady health officers rather than the doctor; therefore, special lectures were delivered to them so that they could help more in the matter.

The activity comprised of following events:

  • Pamphlets were distributed to women there which contained description of all the necessary elements required by the body during pregnancy for the healthy growth of child.
  • A Panel was also created for helping LHV’s so they could contact the workers at any time regarding the problem.
  • A Questionnaire was also circulated among the women attending the seminar asking how beneficial the session was and if they promise to spread the knowledge they received among those who weren’t there.

The youth of today is tomorrow of our society that’s why attendance of young college girls was made sure to deliver the essential message the project was aimed to.

The effectiveness of project was assessed through positive response from the participants to questionnaire distributed afterwards.

Activity Reported by: Abdul Mateen

Editor and Assistant Director, PubSD, IFMSA Pakistan

Prevention of Common Cold!

Cold and flu season is upon us. It’s always better to take small easy steps of prevention than actually going through the sickness and  pain. Here are a few tips that will help you and people around you from getting cold and flu

Wash Your Hands

You’ve heard it many times before, but washing your hands is the single most important way to stop the spread of colds. According to the CDC, about 80% of infectious diseases are spread by touch — the cold germs get on the hands and from there into the eyes and mouth. Look at it this way: you can’t keep cold germs out of your house. But if you keep everybody’s hands clean, they’ll be much less likely to get sick.

Don’t Smoke

Cigarette smoke can irritate the airways and increase susceptibility to colds and other infections. Even exposure to passive smoke can make you (or your children) more vulnerable to colds.

Use disposable items

Use disposable items if someone in your family is infected. Disposable cups can be thrown away after each use and prevent accidental spread of the virus from sharing of cups or glasses. This is particularly important if you have young children who may try to drink from others’ cups.

Keep household surfaces clean

Door knobs, drawer pulls, keyboards, light switches, telephones, remote controls, countertops, and sinks can all harbor viruses for hours after their use by an infected person. Wipe these surfaces frequently with soap and water or a disinfectant solution.

Maintain a healthy lifestyle

While there isn’t direct evidence to show that eating well or exercising can prevent colds, maintenance of a healthy lifestyle, with adequate sleep, good nutrition and physical exercise can help ensure that your immune system is in good condition and ready to fight infection if it occurs.

Control stress

Studies have shown that people experiencing emotional stress have weakened immune systems and are more likely to catch a cold than their calmer counterparts.

Prevent the Spread of the Flu by Avoiding Germ-Infested Spaces

Another way to decrease the amount of germs you are sharing with your surroundings is to go outside. Make your surroundings bigger and give your germs and other people’s germs some space. When you are in a tight, closed space, germs are just hanging around. Avoid spending a lot of time in cramped areas.

 

Additional Tips

  • Use paper towels in the kitchen and bathroom for hand washing. Germs can live for several hours on cloth towels. Alternatively, have separate towels for each family member and provide a clean one for guests.
  • Throw tissues away after use. Used tissues are sources of virus that can contaminate any surface where they are left.
  • Avoid touching your face, especially the nose, mouth, and eye areas, if you are around someone with a cold or have been touching surfaces in a public area.
  • When you can’t immediately get to a washroom hand sanitizers are a great substitute to keep on hand.
  • Stay at home while you are sick
  • Avoid close contact with others, such as hugging, kissing, or shaking hands
  • Move away from people before coughing or sneezing

We Hope and wish that you don’t catch cold this season and you can help others by sharing this so that others don’t get sick either.

Article by: Anna Imtiaz (Assistant Director and Blog Manager)

Publications Support Division, IFMSA Pakistan

Flu Poster

Call for articles: MSI-37

Dear IFMSA Pakistan family,

I am very pleased to announce that the first call for article submissions to the Medical Students International Edition 37 (MSI 37) is now open!

MSI is our biannual magazine, which focuses on global health perspectives brought by medical students worldwide. It is published both in print and online, in relation to the March and August General Assemblies, and each edition has a specific theme. Previous issues are available at: http://goo.gl/LpwMxE.

The call will be open for all sections of the magazine:

  • March Meeting 2018 Theme “Action towards Global Epidemics & Outbreak” (max 1500 words)

  • Six Standing Committee sections (max 750 words)

    • Standing Committee on Medical Education (SCOME)

    • Standing Committee on Professional Exchange (SCOPE)

    • Standing Committee on Public Health (SCOPH)

    • Standing Committee on Sexual & Reproductive Health incl. HIV/AIDS (SCORA)

    • Standing Committee on Research Exchange (SCORE)

    • Standing Committee on human Rights & Peace (SCORP)

When submitting an article, please make sure to review the following checklist:

  • Format: Your article in Word or Google docs format. Please do not send in articles in PDF format.

  • Image Quality: Images should be of high resolution (at least 300 dpi), in JPEG or PNG formats. Please do not insert images into the article files, but attach them separately to your email

  • Data: Author’s full name and NMO.

  • Photo: Author’s head shot in high resolution (at least 300 dpi) and in JPEG or PNG formats

  • References (if applicable)

 

Deadline for submission: December 20th, 2017 @ 23:59 GMT.

All elements must be sent to: Publications.ifmsapakistan@gmail.com (Please don’t forget to add [MSI37] in the subject of the e-mail)

 

Submission agreements:

  • Submission does not guarantee that the articles and attached material will be accepted or published;

  • Your submission will be screened to ensure that it meets minimum inclusion criteria. If it does, it may be reviewed by editors revising content to enhance its relevance, consistency, usability or to conform with IFMSA Publications standards;

  • If your submission has more than one author, names of all co-authors will be featured in the magazine. However, only the headshots of the first two authors will be featured in the magazine due to space and layout limitations. Please take that into consideration and list authors in the order you’d like them to be featured in;

  • IFMSA will not be held liable for any breach of copyright laws and the sender will be held responsible. When you submit any text or pictures, we will assume that you are the author and sole owner of the submitted material. We will also assume that you are giving MSI and IFMSA permission to use them for the purpose of publication and representation toward external partners.

 

We are looking forward to receiving your contributions! Please don’t hesitate to contact us if you have any question.